bq. I wouldn’t worry about robots quite yet, but rest assured that thousands of scientists are working every day of the year to characterize “intelligence”? mathematically as well as physiologically.
I realise that people are working on it, but I’m arguing that they’re unlikely to get anywhere near human judgement any time soon. You assert that ‘generalization and induction have been demonstrated outside the brain’, but I think there’s room for reasonable disagreement on whether induction is possible using mathematical processes at all. For me this goes back to David Hume and “necessary connection”:http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hume/#Necessary ... but that’s veering into Philosophy of Science, which I think is a bit off-topic for ALA!