A List Apart


Topic: Accessibility

  • Working with Others: Accessibility and User Research

    by Maurizio Boscarol · Issue 225 ·

    Could accessibility guidelines and practices be improved by greater emphasis on user research? Maurizio Boscarol thinks the answer is probably "yes."

  • Accessible Web 2.0 Applications with WAI-ARIA

    by Martin Kliehm · Issue 235 ·

    Our web applications can suffer from inaccessibility problems due to inherent markup limitations. Martin Kliehm helps us sort through the WAI specs for Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) to increase usability.

  • Retooling Slashdot with Web Standards

    by Daniel M. Frommelt · Issue 164 ·

    A look at the markup behind Slashdot.org demonstrates how simple and cost-effective the switch to a standards-compliant Slashdot could be. (Part I of a two-part series.)

  • Making Compact Forms More Accessible

    by Mike Brittain · Issue 229 ·

    Space constraints can put the squeeze on accessibility and usability. Mike Brittain shares his method for making itty-bitty forms more accessible and easier to use.

  • Invasion of the Body Switchers

    by James Edwards, Andrew Clarke · Issue 189 ·

    Wouldn’t it be great if we could update the classic ALA style switcher to accommodate multiple users and devices, including some that aren’t even traditional browsers, all from a single JavaScript and CSS file? Well, now we can! Enter the Body Switcher.

  • World Grows Small: Open Standards for the Global Web

    by Molly E. Holzschlag · Issue 217 ·

    Molly Holzschlag explains how the practices you already use to create standards-based, accessible websites can serve you in the growing field of internationalization.

  • The Accessibility Hat Trick: Getting Abbreviations Right

    by Colin Lieberman · Issue 210 ·

    The acronym element is missing in XHTML 2.0. Internet Explorer 6 ignores the abbr element. JAWS doesn't like dfn. AAA-level compliance requires you to find a solution. Make it work.

  • Prettier Accessible Forms

    by Nick Rigby · Issue 218 ·

    Forms are a pain. You can make them pretty, make them accessible, or go a little crazy trying to achieve both. Nick Rigby offers a happy solution.

  • To Hell with WCAG 2

    by Joe Clark · Issue 217 ·

    The W3C's Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are about to be updated for the first time since 1999. Joe Clark takes a close look at WCAG 2 and reports back.

  • Facts and Opinions About PDF Accessibility

    by Joe Clark · Issue 201 ·

    PDF accessibility is not as straightforward as HTML accessibility. But it can be done, if you put the same care into marking up your PDFs that you put into marking up websites.

  • A More Accessible Map

    by Seth Duffey · Issue 215 ·

    Nifty web maps powered by Google and Yahoo! APIs are all the rage. And rage is what a visually impaired user may feel when trying to use them. Is there a way to make beautiful web maps accessible? In a word, yes.

  • Pocket-Sized Design: Taking Your Website to the Small Screen

    by Jorunn D. Newth, Elika Etemad · Issue 187 ·

    Among the many websites that are out there, few are standards-compliant. Among those few, only a handful sport style sheets adjusted to the needs of handheld devices. Of those which do offer styling for handhelds, not all will fit the smallest, lowest-resolution screens without presenting the user with the ultimate handheld horror: namely, horizontal scrolling. This article presents a set of general suggestions for creating a handheld-friendly style sheet that works well even on handheld screens no wider than 120px.

  • Flash MX: Clarifying the Concept

    by Joe Clark · Issue 143 ·

    In a detailed survey, accessibility obsessive Joe Clark evaluates Flash MX (authoring tool and player) in the context of the often confusing WAI and Section 508 guidelines, finds some things to cheer about, and draws a roadmap for future improvements.

  • High Accessibility Is Effective Search Engine Optimization

    by Andy Hagans · Issue 207 ·

    It's no coincidence that search engines love highly accessible websites; in fact, by designing for accessibility, you're already using effective search-engine optimization techniques. Andy Hagans explains yet another reason to pay attention to accessibility.

  • Accesskeys: Unlocking Hidden Navigation

    by Stuart Robertson · Issue 158 ·

    Your favorite applications have shortcut keys. So can your site, thanks to the XHTML accesskey attribute. Accesskeys make sites more accessible for people who cannot use a mouse. Unfortunately, almost no designer uses accesskeys, because, unless they View Source, most visitors can’t tell that you’ve put these nifty navigational shortcuts to work on your site. In this issue, Stuart Robertson unlocks the secret of providing visible accesskey shortcuts.

  • How to Save Web Accessibility from Itself

    by Joe Clark · Issue 163 ·

    An upcoming revision to the Web Accessibility Guidelines is in danger of becoming unrealistically divorced from real-world web development, yielding guidelines that are at once too vague and too specific. Your expertise and input can help create realistic guidelines that work.

  • Big, Stark & Chunky

    by Joe Clark · Issue 191 ·

    You’ve designed for the screen and made provision for blind, handheld, and PDA browser users. But what about low-vision people? Powered by CSS, “zoom” layouts convert wide, multicolumn web pages into low-vision-friendly, single column designs. Accessibility maven Joe Clark explores the rationale and methods behind zoom layouts. Board the zoom train now!

  • Facts and Opinion About Fahrner Image Replacement

    by Joe Clark · Issue 160 ·

    Fahrner Image Replacement and its analogues aim to combine the benefits of high design with the requirements of accessibility. But how well do these methods really work? Accessibility expert Joe Clark digs up much-needed empirical data on how FIR works (and doesn’t) in leading screen readers.

  • Flash MX: Moving Toward Accessible Rich Media

    by Andrew Kirkpatrick · Issue 143 ·

    Andrew Kirkpatrick of the CPB/WGBH National Center for Accessible Media tackles Flash MX from the developer’s perspective, showing how authors can more easily generate accessible Flash content, and where roadblocks remain.

  • Why Don’t You Code for Netscape?

    by Jeffrey Zeldman · Issue 129 ·

    Long considered the Holy Grail of web design, “backward compatibility” has its place; but at this point in web development history, shouldn’t we be more concerned about forward compatibility? ALA makes the case for authoring to web standards instead of browser quirks.